제목 Global Leaders Move to Sanction N. Korea for Nuclear Tests 글쓴이 dosul 날짜 2009.06.17 18:34
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Global Leaders Move to Sanction N. Korea for Nuclear Tests The world's big powers, including Russia and China, are considering sanctions after North Korea conducted nuclear tests. U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice speaks with Margaret Warner. UN Ambassador Susan Rice talks about North Korea
 
JIM LEHRER: Now the world's big powers, including China and Russia, move to punish North Korea for its nuclear test. Margaret Warner has that story.
MARGARET WARNER: The key veto-wielding members of the U.N. Security Council have agreed to tough new sanctions, including the possibility of boarding North Korean ships, in response to that country's recent nuclear and missile tests. A final council vote on the resolution is expected Friday.
The agreement by the permanent members of the council comes three days after North Korea sentenced two American reporters to 12 years of hard labor for illegally entering the isolated nation.
We're joined now by the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, Susan Rice.
And, Ambassador Rice, thank you for joining us.
SUSAN RICE, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations: Good to be with you, Margaret.
Specific new sanctions, inspections
MARGARET WARNER: So does this resolution have real teeth? For example, on the boarding of ships, what assurance do you have that any member states will actually do that?
SUSAN RICE: Yes, Margaret, if this resolution is adopted by the Security Council, it has real teeth in a number of respects. You asked about inspections, and I'll come right back to that.
But I want to point out that, first and foremost, there will be a total ban on arms exports from North Korea, which has been a source of revenue to fuel its missile and nuclear programs, and a substantially broadened ban on the import of arms to North Korea, into North Korea.
Secondly, a much-expanded and very, very broad and effective financial set of sanctions that will substantially constrain North Korea's ability to move money around the world to support its proliferation and nuclear programs.
With respect to inspections, what this resolution does is create a uniform, very explicit set of expectations for all member states to inspect any suspect North Korean cargo in its territory -- land, air or sea -- to also inspect on the high seas a suspect vessel with the consent of the flag state, and if that...
MARGARET WARNER: But that would be North Korea.
SUSAN RICE: It could be North Korea. It could be another country carrying North Korean contraband. It also requires states to submit to those inspections or, if they don't submit, then the binding piece is that member states have to direct their vessels to an appropriate and convenient port for mandatory inspections. And when contraband is found, the resolution will mandate that it be seized and disposed of.
Where there are instances -- and it's conceivable that there would be -- where a ship tries to evade inspection on the high seas and escape, there's another provision which makes that extremely difficult to sustain, and that is a prohibition on any country providing bunkering services to a suspect ship on the high seas. Bunkering services are fuel and water and all that they need to keep going.
So eventually that ship will come into port and it will face a mandatory inspection. And if, in some fashion, it eludes that process, there is also a mandatory provision for that to be reported immediately to the Security Council. The Security Council has the opportunity to take further action. It also has the opportunity to make it very clear what the vessel is, whose flag it is, and who's in violation of international law.
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